Summary: There are some basic techniques for survival in snow that you need to remember. You must find correct fire material, know how to build a shelter in snow, have an idea about how to search for food, etc.
Temperature in snow may drop as less as -60 degrees C. It can also eclipse freezing point. Travelling in such regions can be extremely tough upon your body. The highest risk is getting caught in a region where no proper shelter may be obtained for protecting from harsh elements. One more problem about traveling happens to be that the usage of compass in cold areas is usually not a good option because of the inaccuracy related to its proximity to magnetic pole. An ideal travel guide in such areas happens to be the sky. However, to utilize this method you need to travel in the frigid nights when you can see the stars.
A Look at Basic Survival Techniques in Snow
The key to locate quick shelter within cold region is to locate natural shelters such as ice formations or rocks that protect us from wind. Trees that act as protection from wind and that are free of heavy snow accumulation can also act as protection. If you are in an open region, usually the only choice available is to build a barrier for the elements like an igloo by using all the available ice and snow. Finding proper fire material can also pose significant challenge mainly if trees are not available. You can get fuel from your vehicle as a temporary means of fuel to make a fire.
Other options available include a plant material or animal fat that may be scavenged. One point to remember is you should be very careful while starting the fire near any snow/ice shelter since the heat may melt that structure quickly leaving you further exposed. Food source in cold regions may be a miss or hit. Usually, animals like squirrels and rabbits can be tracked easily by tracks within the snow. In case any hunting equipment or firearms is available, imitate prey animal sounds through a number of means like pursing your lips may aid a patient survivor to lure an animal near arms reach.
Coastal regions provide opportunities for seals as well as fishing which may be used for food and also for clothing and fuel. Look at holes in ice that can serve as breathing holes for diving seals. Many arctic plants usually are edible. Some noteworthy exceptions happen to be Hemlock and Baneberry that are poisonous. Know how they appear like. Locating a means of clean water can be the simplest task in snow regions because of the availability of plenty of fresh ice and snow to use as water. Melt this ice prior to consuming it. This keeps body temperature up. Boiling water helps to remove any organisms.